Viktor Ullmann (1898 - 1944)
Czech composer Viktor Ullmann was one these composers of so-called 'Entartete Musik' whom the nazis had interred in camp Terezin, also known as Theresienstadt. Life in this camp was relatively bearable compared to other camps. Many composers, musicians, writers, etc. were kept here who more or less received the freedom to do their things. There was even an orchestra which the camp commanders liked to show off to visitors to prove they were not at all repressing and killing people. Ullmann composed a fair amount of music works during his years here, as did some other composers. The manuscripts have somehow been preserved. In october 1944 however, shortly after completing his Seventh Piano Sonata, Ullmann was transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, and died in the gas chamber the day after his arrival.